FANDOM


Template:Redirect Template:Citations missing

File:Swearing in of Secretary Dwight Davis.jpg

The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration. A similar position, called either "Secretary at War" or "Secretary of War," was appointed to serve the Congress of the Confederation under the Articles of Confederation between 1781 and 1789. Benjamin Lincoln and later Henry Knox held the position. When Washington was inaugurated as the first president under the Constitution, he appointed Knox to continue serving.

The Secretary of War led the War Department. At first, he was responsible for all military affairs. In 1798, the Secretary of the Navy was added to the cabinet, and the scope of this office was reduced to a general concern with the Army. In 1947, the departments were recombined under the Secretary of Defense. The Secretary of War was replaced by the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force, which, along with the Secretary of the Navy, were now non-Cabinet positions under the Secretary of Defense.

Secretaries of WarEdit

# Picture Name State of Residence Began Service Ended Service President(s) served under
175pxHenry KnoxMassachusettsSeptember 12, 1789December 31, 1794George Washington
275pxTimothy PickeringMassachusettsJanuary 2, 1795December 10, 1795George Washington
375pxJames McHenryMarylandJanuary 27, 1796May 13, 1800 George Washington
John Adams
475pxSamuel DexterMassachusetts May 13, 1800January 31, 1801 John Adams
575pxHenry Dearborn MassachusettsMarch 5, 1801March 4, 1809 Thomas Jefferson
675pxWilliam EustisMassachusetts March 7, 1809January 13, 1813 James Madison
775pxJohn Armstrong, Jr.Pennsylvania January 13, 1813September 27, 1814 James Madison
875pxJames MonroeVirginia September 27, 1814March 2, 1815 James Madison
975pxWilliam Harris Crawford Georgia August 1, 1815October 22, 1816 James Madison
1075pxJohn Caldwell CalhounSouth Carolina October 8, 1817March 4, 1825 James Monroe
1175pxJames Barbour VirginiaMarch 7, 1825May 23, 1828 John Quincy Adams
1275pxPeter Buell PorterNew York May 23, 1828March 4, 1829 John Quincy Adams
1375pxJohn Henry EatonTennessee March 9, 1829June 18, 1831 Andrew Jackson
1475pxLewis CassMichigan August 1, 1831October 5, 1836 Andrew Jackson
1575pxJoel Roberts PoinsettSouth Carolina March 7, 1837March 4, 1841 Martin Van Buren
1675pxJohn BellTennessee March 5, 1841September 13, 1841 William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
1775pxJohn Canfield SpencerNew York October 12, 1841March 4, 1843 John Tyler
1875pxJames Madison PorterPennsylvania March 8, 1843February 14, 1844 John Tyler
1975pxWilliam WilkinsPennsylvania February 15, 1844March 4, 1845 John Tyler
2075pxWilliam Learned MarcyNew York March 6, 1845March 4, 1849 James K. Polk
2175pxGeorge Walker CrawfordGeorgia March 8, 1849July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
2275pxCharles Magill ConradLouisiana August 15, 1850March 4, 1853 Millard Fillmore
23President-Jefferson-DavisJefferson DavisMississippi March 7, 1853March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
2475pxJohn Buchanan FloydVirginia March 6, 1857December 29, 1860 James Buchanan
2575pxJoseph HoltKentuckyJanuary 18, 1861March 4, 1861 James Buchanan
2675pxSimon CameronPennsylvania March 5, 1861January 14, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
2775pxEdwin McMasters StantonOhio January 20, 1862May 28, 1868 Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
2875pxJohn McAllister SchofieldMissouri June 1, 1868March 13, 1869 Andrew Johnson
2975pxJohn Aaron RawlinsIllinois March 13, 1869September 6, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
3075pxWilliam Worth BelknapIowa October 25, 1869March 2, 1876 Ulysses S. Grant
3175pxAlphonso TaftOhio March 8, 1876May 22, 1876 Ulysses S. Grant
3275pxJames Donald CameronPennsylvania May 22, 1876March 4, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant
3375pxGeorge Washington McCraryIowa March 12, 1877December 10, 1879 Rutherford B. Hayes
3475pxAlexander RamseyMinnesota December 10, 1879March 4, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
3575pxRobert Todd LincolnIllinois March 5, 1881March 4, 1885 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
3675pxWilliam Crowninshield EndicottMassachusetts March 5, 1885March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
3775pxRedfield ProctorVermont March 5, 1889November 5, 1891 Benjamin Harrison
3875pxStephen Benton ElkinsWest Virginia December 17, 1891March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
3975pxDaniel Scott LamontNew York March 5, 1893March 4, 1897 Grover Cleveland (2nd term)
4075pxRussell Alexander AlgerMichigan March 5, 1897August 1, 1899 William McKinley
4175pxElihu RootNew York August 1, 1899January 31, 1904 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
4275pxWilliam Howard Taft OhioFebruary 1, 1904June 30, 1908 Theodore Roosevelt
4375pxLuke Edward WrightTennessee July 1, 1908March 4, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
4475pxJacob McGavock Dickinson IllinoisMarch 12, 1909May 21, 1911 William Howard Taft
4575pxHenry Lewis StimsonNew York May 22, 1911March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
4675pxLindley Miller GarrisonNew Jersey March 5, 1913February 10, 1916 Woodrow Wilson
4775pxNewton Diehl BakerOhio March 9, 1916March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
4875pxJohn Wingate WeeksMassachusetts March 5, 1921October 13, 1925 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4975pxDwight Filley DavisMissouri October 14, 1925March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
5075pxJames William Good IowaMarch 6, 1929November 18, 1929 Herbert Hoover
5175px Patrick Jay HurleyOklahoma December 9, 1929March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
5275pxGeorge Henry DernUtah March 4, 1933August 27, 1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt
5375pxHarry Hines WoodringKansas September 25, 1936June 20, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt
5475pxHenry Lewis StimsonNew York July 10, 1940September 21, 1945 F. D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
5575pxRobert Porter PattersonNew York September 27, 1945July 18, 1947 Harry S. Truman
5675px Kenneth Claiborne RoyallNorth Carolina July 19, 1947September 18, 1947 Harry S. Truman

External links Edit

Template:USSecArm Template:US Cabinet leadersfr:Secrétaire à la Guerre des États-Unis ja:アメリカ合衆国陸軍長官 pl:Sekretarz Wojny Stanów Zjednoczonych ro:United States Secretary of War zh:美国战争部长