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Thomas Jordan
September 30, 1819(1819-09-30) – November 27, 1895 (aged 76)
ThomasJordan
Place of birth Luray, Virginia
Place of death New York City, New York
Place of burial Mount Hope Cemetery, Westchester County, New York
Allegiance United States of America,
Confederate States of America,
Cuban Liberation Army
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service 1840–61 (USA), 1861–65 (CSA), 1868–70 (CLA)
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars Second Seminole War
U.S.-Mexican War
- Battle of Palo Alto
- Battle of Resaca de la Palma
American Civil War
- First Battle of Bull Run
Ten Years' War

Thomas Jordan (September 30, 1819 – November 27, 1895) was a Confederate spy, and later a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. A career soldier in the armies of three nations, he fought in numerous wars and rebellions in the United States, Mexico, and Cuba. Jordan was also a newspaper editor and author.

Early life and careerEdit

Thomas Jordan was born in the Luray Valley, Virginia, and was educated in the local schools. In 1840, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point. Jordan entered the army as a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Infantry, and was assigned to the garrison at Fort Snelling, Minnesota. He fought in the Second Florida War against the Seminole Indians. He was among those soldiers who surprised and captured Chief "Tiger Tail" near Cedar Keys in November 1842.

He was then assigned to frontier duty until 1846, when he was promoted to first lieutenant. In the Mexican-American War, he served creditably at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. In 1847, he rose to the rank of captain and served as a quartermaster. He remained at Vera Cruz for a year after the war in an administrative role. He then was posted to various Southern garrisons and on the Pacific Coast.

As early as 1860, he secretly began a pro-Southern spy network in Washington, D.C., that was particularly active in the period immediately after secession. In early 1861, Jordan passed control of the espionage network to Rose O'Neal Greenhow, however, he continued to receive and evaluate her reports even when she was imprisoned (see Fishel, pp. 59–76).

Civil WarEdit

On May 22, 1861, Jordan resigned from the U.S. Army and was commissioned as a captain in the fledgling Confederate army. Promotion came rapidly, and by June 1861, he had become a lieutenant colonel and a staff officer, seeing duty at the First Battle of Manassas as a full colonel and chief of staff under P.G.T. Beauregard. He also was the army's adjutant general and accompanied President Jefferson Davis on a post-battle tour of the field.

Jordan subsequently accompanied Beauregard to the Western Theater to Kentucky. During the advance from Corinth, Mississippi, into Tennessee, he rendered valuable service in preparing the men for the Battle of Shiloh, where he was conspicuous in efficiently managing the flow of orders to and from the various corps commanders and their respective staffs.

For his actions at Shiloh, he was promoted to brigadier general on April 14, 1862, and served as chief of staff for General Braxton Bragg during his Kentucky Campaign. When Beauregard was reassigned to the defense of Charleston, South Carolina, Jordan accompanied his long-time friend and mentor as chief of staff for that department. In May 1864, he was assigned to the command of the Third Military District of South Carolina.

PostbellumEdit

Immediately after the Civil War, Jordan lived in Tennessee, where he published a critical review of the Confederate operations and administration in Harper's Magazine. He was the editor of the Memphis Appeal newspaper in 1866. In 1868, he co-published, with J. B. Pryor, a book entitled The Campaigns of Lieutenant-General Forrest.

General Jordan, with his lengthy administrative and combat experience, became chief of staff of the Cuban insurgent army that same year. In May 1869, as General-in-Chief of the Cuban Liberation Army, he landed at Mayarí with 300 men, and with enough arms, ammunition and supplies for 6,000 additional men that he hoped would rise to join the rebellion. In December 1869, Jordan became military head of the Cuban Mambi Warriors who were fighting for Cuban independence from Spain in the Ten Years' War. He scored a significant victory over superior enemy forces at Guaimaro in January 1870. By then, extremely short of supplies, Jordan resigned from his Cuban post a month later and returned to the United States, his long military career over.

He eventually settled in New York City. Continuing his interest in writing, Jordan published numerous articles on the Civil War and became the editor of the Mining Record.

Jordan is buried in Mount Hope Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson in Westchester County, New York.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Antonio Pirala, Anales de la Guerra en Cuba (1895, 1896 and some from 1874) (Felipe González Rojas, Madrid). This is a detailed source for Jordan in the Cuban Ten Year War.
  • Some details of Jordan's tactics in Cuba and its consequences can be found only slightly fictionalized in Calixto Enamorado's 1917 Tiempos. Heroicos Persecucion. (Havana: Rambla, Bauza and Company). Calixto Enamorado was a Cuban General in the 1895-1898 war and was a son of Calixto Garcia [1]
  • Fishel, Edwin C. 1996 The Secret War for the Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Houghton Mifflin, Boston and New York ISBN-10 0395742811, ISBN 978-0395742815 This excellent and interesting book provides novel material on intelligence activities during the U.S. Civil War, and places it in clear and applicable context.

External linksEdit

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